PIDP 3240

                                                                   JOURNAL 1

OBJECTIVE:

Technology has changed education by providing great benefits to learners and teachers in many ways.  It is a powerful learning and communication tool which connects people with each other all over the world.

As an advantage of new technology, online learning has become very popular because of the flexibility it provides.  In 2009, 29.3% of college students were taking at least one online course, up from 21.6% in fall 2007 (Allen & Seaman, 2010).

It is a well-known economical challenge for students and parents to pay tuition fee for colleges and the universities.  As a result of global market competition most of the colleges now offer online learning in order to survive in world of education.

As a result of modern technology online social network plays an important role in communication and social relationships.  Using communication tools such as Facebook, Twitter. E-mail, Skype, Chat/online discussions and conferences create positive virtual environment for learning and interaction for both students and teachers. In addition computer and video games has become more interactive model of learning for new generation.  Even though there are many benefits to technology, there are negative impacts too.

REFLECTIVE:

Honestly, the important elements and aspects of new technology in this book inspired me in different ways.  I was blown away with new information which I had never heard.  In each and every page in three chapters I learnt something new.  Those chapters encouraged me to read more and learn about modern technology including communication tools and online learning.

Few years ago I came here as a new immigrant without any experience of using a computer or the internet.  The only technology I knew was using a cellphone without any internet. Even though I worked as a doctor back home I didn’t get an opportunity to use computers.  At that time our health system strictly adhered to paper documentation especially in remote areas where don’t have many communication facilities.

When I came to Canada I recognized the importance of technology.  As a result of poor recognition of my credentials I was everywhere as a job seeker.  At that time I learnt to google locations.  That was my first learning experience in using computer.   Eventually I understood the importance of new technology and learnt through my own experience.

I never thought to create a Facebook account at the beginning.  Fortunately I identified it as a communication and interaction tool to connect with the world.  Finally I created a Facebook account to socialize with the community and the society.  Now I realize in addition to Facebook there are many social media which provides opportunities for communication and global learning.

Even though I am not perfect in computer skills, I like to have challenges in life.  I hope PIDP 3240 would help me to learn more about online learning and social media in order to success in education.  I am glad for the opportunity to take this course and read “Teaching naked”to learn more about new technology.

I hope to take many online courses to expand my knowledge as a career development.

INTERPRETIVE:

As I shared above, new technology creates the perfect learning environment for teaching and learning.  I could see as a society, it is the concept of social connections and interactions.

According to my understanding and current trend teachers should use modern technology more, instead of traditional ways of classroom teaching.  As a teacher I have a responsibility to manage this technology wisely and effectively.  As I see “Learning is a journey”.  Technology is the nutrition that students achieve their ‘full potential’.

I could see it is important to create emotional and personalized experiences using technology.  As an example gaming in education is being used to create more engaging and emotional connections with learning materials.

According to my view, online learning offers many benefits for students that are created for their education.    It provides an opportunity for progression and a chance to challenge themselves for success.

According to my old fashioned thinking, I could see there are some negative impacts of technology as well.  Sometimes I could see students’ over involvement of social media.  At this point I should act as a guide to use technology effectively and responsibly in order to improve their learning.

DECISIONAL:

In my classroom setting, I would like to use technology efficiently by engaging students in group works.  My students will get opportunity to work collaboratively in pairs or small groups.

I could see technology as a supplement of teaching.  I would support my students handle technology in a professional and responsible way.  I could ensure the learners improve learning by using technology and social media wisely.

Personally I don’t like it when students engage in social media all the time without any discipline.  According to my perspective over involvement of technology is not advisable for physical well-being and distraction is not good for mental well-being.

In conclusion, I could see the benefits, importance and negative impacts of modern technology and social media in a virtual classroom.  As a learner or a teacher I could use those elements positively and effectively with great discipline in order to improve knowledge.

References

Bowen, J.A. (2012). Teaching naked: How moving technology out of your college classroom will improve student learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass

JOURNAL 2

When I was reading those 4 chapters in “Teaching Naked” I found many interesting areas related to my field of education.  For this journal I choose ‘Active learning for classroom engagement’ from Chapter 8 because of my preference and the relevance to my teaching course.

OBJECTIVE:

As Mr. Bowen explained, students learn by doing.  Active learning involves student’s thinking and doing things.  There is a co-relation between active learning and classroom engagement.  If there is no active learning, students aren’t engaged in learning.  This process is explained in Active Learning: Creating Excitement in the Classroom (Bonwell & Eison, 1991.). When there is an active learning environment students tend to be excited to learn.

Active learning includes all group activities from writing, discussions, role plays, group assignments to lab practices that students can engage in collaboratively. Students learn from the instructor and learn from each other as well.  There is good research to show that cooperative activities improve learning in higher education, even in science, technology, engineering, and Math (STEM) fields (Hulleman & Harackiewicz, 2009.)  As this book explains, educators can use different activities relevant to course or subject matter.

Educators have the responsibility to ensure that students learn using effective engaging techniques. Teachers can reconstruct the class by creating collaborative and fosters learning relationships.  It is valuable to provide students with immediate and frequent feedback by creating positive learning environment.

The classroom atmosphere would be much more productive and enjoyable when students engage in learning by acquiring their expected outcome.

REFLECTIVE:

Even though I don’t have experience as an educator I would like to reflect my thoughts related to this topic by recalling my mind through the last few years.  I had a great opportunity to become a nursing student in Canada after being away from school for many years.  I had the most amazing teachers who engaged students in different learning activities which I had never experienced.  Most of those activities provided me (us) with new knowledge.  I remember one day, one of my instructors came to the classroom with piles of different food, everybody was curious to know what was happening.  The instructor stimulated the students’ curiosity by asking to place the food on the plates.  She converted the classroom into a dining room in a hospital set up.  Students were assigned into pairs and ended up learning how to assist disable elderly people for feeding.  I will never forget that experience and the knowledge I got through that activity.

There were many opportunities for me to learn through group activities such as role plays, group assignments, and pair presentations.  In most activities, I had the chance to learn something new.  There were a few activities that weren’t helpful for my learning.  I would use critical thinking to differentiate good and bad techniques when it comes to my classroom.

According to the experience, I have gained as a student; there are tons of different activities educators could use to engage students. As I shared, teachers can motivate students to learn by using these techniques.  I identified that it is important to allow students to make connections to the material in order to encourage them in learning.  This way students build their self-esteem and feel a sense of belonging by sharing ideas with classmates.

I would like to use my past experience of active learning for the benefit of my students in the future.  In the mean time I would learn more about student engaging techniques, learning activities and teaching styles in order to become a more effective educator in the future.

INTERPRETIVE:

When I was reading this chapter I recognized the importance of active learning and classroom engagement.  The whole purpose of effective teaching is engaging students in the learning process by supporting and promising them expected outcomes.

All activities are not equally effective.  Sometimes activities are not effective for all students.  Educators need to use creative thinking for the benefit of students.  There are some difficult situations in which the activities do not work.  In such situations educators should think about alternatives and reconstruct accordingly.

Especially when engaging students in activities, educators need to identify the audience and their learning styles.  It is important to create activities and engage them in learning by respecting students’ values, beliefs and culture.

Educators need to engage students in group activities for active learning.  Students can benefit from each other rather than learning by themselves. Meanwhile, students learn to work collaboratively to achieve their goals.

DECISIONAL:

In my classroom setting I would use my previous experience for sure.  I would stimulate students’ curiosity by using ice breakers. I need to use critical thinking in order to engage students in learning especially when they have long hours.  I would start with a simple technique and modify them step by step.

According to my field (nursing) collaborative work and team work is a basic concept for learners.  I would create active and positive learning environment by assigning my students into pairs or small groups.  At the beginning I would introduce the activity and explain the procedure.

As a professional, I would establish some rules of conduct and encourage students to participate in activities. I would explain the benefits of learning from others during the activity.  I need to give a time frame in order to complete the task during the time limit.

For every activity I need to consider my students’ learning styles.  I would engage them in learning according to different learning styles.  I would love to provide them with immediate positive feedback; simultaneously I would encourage them when they have any back draws.

I would like to engage students by providing opportunities to think and talk about the course material.  I would help them build interaction through these learning activities by sharing ideas and knowledge.

At the end I would like to debrief and allow students to share their thoughts.  Finally, I would be able to evaluate their learning.  As an instructor I would be able to evaluate myself on whether I used the right choice of activities for my students’ benefit.

In conclusion, I would like to express my gratitude for the opportunity of learning students’ engagement and for the opportunity of recalling my mind.  I would apply this knowledge for the benefit of students and as a career development for myself.

References

Bowen, J.A. (2012). Teaching Naked: How Moving Technology Out of Your College Classroom

Will Improve Student Learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Davis, B. G. (2009). Tools for Teaching (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Hibberd, J.M., & Smith, D.L. (Eds.). (2006). Nursing Leadership and Management in Canada (3rd ed.).

Toronto: Elsevier Canada.

Hulleman, C.S., & Harackiewicz, J.M. (2009). Promoting interest and performance in high school science class. Science, 326, 1410-1411.

JOURNAL 3

When I was reading the chapters 9-11 in “Teaching Naked” I came across a fascinating concept “Turn professors into curators” in chapter 10.  I chose this inspiring and challenging concept for the final journal.

OBJECTIVE:

As this book explained, low tuition fee, a reputed sports team or other extra facilities can attract students to an institution.  Low income, lack of support or lack of motivation do not allow them to achieve their expected goals.

“We know that academic challenge, active learning, a supportive environment, high-quality faculty- student interaction, and diverse experiences will engage students and encourage them to stay (Kuh, Kinzie, Schuh, & Whitt, 2005), but we have plenty of evidence that such is not the current state of affairs (Arum & Roksa, 2011),” (Bowen, 2012).   Some colleges or institutions are more successful in graduating students and some have very low graduation rates.  However, low graduation rates are a basic financial issue for stakeholders.  Administrators need to understand the importance of effective changing processes in order to improve the institution and overcome these barriers. It is essential to build effective teams by developing new organizational structures and creating new learning environment to maintain a higher retained student rate in the institution.

Lecture is widely using teaching method among educators.   Most teachers do not accept that they are mainly lecturing.  However, studies and researches confirmed that, “One very large survey of almost a third of U.S. faculty (172,000) found that 76% identified lecture as their primary instructional method (Finkelstein, Seal, & Schuster, 1998),” (Bowen, 2012).  Lectures can provide a conceptual knowledge but inspire students less than other methods.  Educators can motivate and inspire students by combining lectures with technology to engage them in learning.

The institution/educator needs to focus on creating positive learning environment for students.  Educators are committed to providing interactive, quality learning for all students.  As educators we should consider ourselves as course designers to create, guide and support students for learning.  Faculty must convert to curators and directors.  Faculty and administrators should collaboratively work together to design new courses and new curricula by emphasizing learning environment.

REFFLECTIVE:

According to my experience as a learner, I can understand low-graduation rate. There were many students who took courses with me, but were discouraged in the middle and left without achieving their goals.  I feel students become frustrated when they have continuous learning difficulties and when they don’t have enough support from the college/families. According to my perspective, it is essential to have students’ preparation and students’ motivation to learn in order to have the expected outcome as well as to maintain graduation rates in institutions.

I would like to share that someone I knew quit in the middle of her full time course.  I knew that she had a strong desire to learn at the beginning.  However her family commitments and lack of support from the institution didn’t allow her to stay in the course.  In that situation, I am doubted that the student got any support from teachers or from the institution.  If a student gets moral and emotional support from the educators in a hard situation, it would be beneficial for student and the institution as well.

Sometimes the main instructional method educator would choose really depends on the course and the course materials. As Bowen explained, the educator can create an active learning environment by using some technological methods in addition to the lecture.  As a learner, I had lectures all most everyday throughout the nursing course.  According to my understanding, it is hard to offer factual knowledge and concepts related to human body, physiology and biology without lecturing.  Fortunately, I had a great experience that my instructors used different technology including audio and video in between lectures.  I wasn’t bored with the lectures even though it was mostly theoretical.

When I studied PIDP, my educators spent less time on lectures and more on technology associated interactions.  At that time, I understood the positive impact of the educator-student interaction.  I didn’t lose my interest even though I was not familiar with the subjects.

I would be happy to share my first teaching experience in the PIDP 3220 presentation.  According to my topic, I had to lecture a specific subject area in order to offer factual knowledge.  I integrated technology with different instructional methods.  The audience was fully engaged with learning and I was able to create an active learning environment by using various instructional techniques.

I understand the importance of becoming course designers instead of delivering only the subject matter.  As an educator I have a great responsibility to participate and support administrators create courses.  By doing that I would be able to enhance the students’ learning.

INTERPRETIVE:

When I was reading that particular area from the chapter I recognized three valuable elements.

At first, what are the reasons for low-graduation rate? Most importantly students are accountable for their academic achievement and educators are accountable for student’s success.  Educators are responsible to boost students for learning by creating active learning environment.  Educators need to be identified of any barriers for learning and support students to overcome difficult situations.

Secondly, according to surveys, lecturing is used excessively as an instructional method for teaching.  Lectures should be used as a motivating and inspiring method for learning as Bowen’s explanation. Some technological methods, interactive engagement and cooperative work can combine with lectures to prevent a monotonous nature.  It is important to use tactics for the purpose of fostering learners.

Thirdly, the faculty (institution) should focus on designing courses and interacting with students, especially when the courses require changes. The institution must become curators and directors while administrators can collaboratively design courses and curricula to provide students engaging environment.

DECISIONAL:

According to my planning, I would strongly work to enhance my students’ learning.  I don’t want to see my students leaving the course without succeeding.  At first I would try to understand my audience.  It is not possible if I have more than fifty students.  However, in nursing I always get a small group, such as 20-25 students.  I would try to understand each and every student by their own personality.  I would like to know their educational or working experience, commitment to learn, family support and any difficult situations for the benefit of the learning.  I want to support my students to learn by motivating them.  I should understand their cultures, learning experience and intrinsic/extrinsic motivators to inspire them to learn.  I would be a strong communicator and build up the educator-student interaction to engage them in active learning.

I probably need to use lectures for some subject areas.  However, I don’t want my students feel bored or uninterested during lectures. Specifically, I should understand my students learning styles.  Lectures would help auditory learners but not visual/kinesthetic learners.  I would consider all of their learning styles for their benefit.

I would love to use different instructional methods to enhance students’ interest on the subject.  I would instruct students to do verbal presentations; pair presentations and case studies to encourage them work in collaboratively.  I would use videos and live demonstrations to create a positive and engaging learning environment.

I would support my faculty (institution) and administrators during changing processes.  In addition to course delivering I would like to share my knowledge by designing courses and assembling resources for student learning.

In conclusion, I would initiate a supportive and interacting learning environment for my students to achieve their expected goal.

References

Arum, R., & Roksa, J. (2011). Academically adrift: Limited learning on college campuses.

Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bowen, J.A. (2012). Teaching Naked: How Moving Technology Out of Your College Classroom will Improve Student Learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Finklestein, M.J., Seal, R.K., & Schuster, J. (1998). The new academic generation: A profession in transformation. Baltimore: John-Hopkins University Press.

Kuh, G.D., Kinzie, J., Schuh, J.H., & Whitt. E.J. (2005). Student success in college: Creating  conditions that matter. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

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